Super-resolution consists of processing an image or a set of images in order to enhance the resolution of a video sequence or a single frame. There are several methods to apply super-resolution, from which fusion super-resolution techniques are considered to be the most adequate for real-time implementations. In fusion, super-resolution and high-resolution images are constructed from several observed low-resolution images, thereby increasing the high-frequency components and removing the degradations caused by the recording process of low-resolution imaging acquisition devices. Moreover, the proposed imaging system considered in this work is based on capturing various frames from several sensors, which are attached to one another by a P × Q array. This framework is known as a multicamera system. This chapter summarizes the research conducted to apply fusion super-resolution techniques to select the most adequate frames and macroblocks together with a multicamera array. This approach optimizes the temporal and spatial correlations in the frames and reduces as a consequence the appearance of annoying artifacts, enhancing the quality of the processed high-resolution sequence and minimizing the execution time.
Part of the book: Recent Advances in Image and Video Coding
Image super-resolution (SR) is a process that enhances the resolution of an image or a set of images beyond the resolution of the imaging sensor. Although there are several super-resolution methods, fusion super-resolution techniques are well suited for real-time implementations. In fusion super-resolution, the high-resolution images are reconstructed using different low-resolution-observed images, thereby increasing the high-frequency information and decreasing the degradation caused by the low-resolution sampling process. In terms of color reconstruction, standard reconstruction algorithms usually perform a bilinear interpolation of each color. This reconstruction performs a strong low-pass filtering, removing most of the aliasing present in the luminance signal. In this chapter, a novel way of color reconstruction is presented by using super-resolution in order to reconstruct the missing colors.
Part of the book: Colorimetry and Image Processing
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a technology able to measure information about the spectral reflectance or transmission of light from the surface. The spectral data, usually within the ultraviolet and infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, provide information about the interaction between light and different materials within the image. This fact enables the identification of different materials based on such spectral information. In recent years, this technology is being actively explored for clinical applications. One of the most relevant challenges in medical HSI is the information extraction, where image processing methods are used to extract useful information for disease detection and diagnosis. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the information extraction techniques for HSI. First, we introduce the background of HSI, and the main motivations of its usage for medical applications. Second, we present information extraction techniques based on both light propagation models within tissue and machine learning approaches. Then, we survey the usage of such information extraction techniques in HSI biomedical research applications. Finally, we discuss the main advantages and disadvantages of the most commonly used image processing approaches and the current challenges in HSI information extraction techniques in clinical applications.
Part of the book: Multimedia Information Retrieval