Adhesive restorations are based on the use of materials, which have the capacity to bond tooth effectively. This is possible due to a polymerizing hybrid layer interface created by the use of the Etch&Rinse (ERAs) and self-etching adhesives (SEAs). Bonding using ERAs include the acid-etching removal of the mineral phase from the substrates of enamel and dentine. A hybrid layer results by filling the voids left by minerals by means of adhesive monomers. However, etching dentine may result in too much demineralization and wetness with discrepancies in reinforcement at the bottom of hybrid layer. SEAs avoid the separate etching phase of ERAs using acidic functional monomers. In the two-step SEAs, hybridization is created by the application of a primer of different pH acidity, followed by an adhesive resin. In the ‘One-Step SEAs’, acidic and adhesive monomers are mixed in the same bottle thereby causing hybridization at the same time. 10-MDP mild SEAs represent the better bonding technology in dentistry due to the ability to form a strong chemical bond in tooth tissue. However, adhesive restorations have high vulnerability in the oral environment, which have been attributed to the esterase activity of Streptococcus mutans and hydrolysis by matrix metalloproteinase.
Part of the book: Adhesives