In recent years, innovative treatment for patients with autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases has advanced in concert with our increased understanding of molecular and clinical immunology. Deeper understanding of autoimmunity has allowed for the development of cutting-edge biologic drugs for patients with relatively common autoimmune diseases. During this same period, knowledge regarding the molecular bases of autoinflammatory genetic diseases has also greatly expanded. Biologic immunotherapeutic agents developed for autoimmune diseases that primarily target cytokines that are also dysregulated in the uncommon autoinflammatory diseases are the focus of this article. In the following pages, selected genetic autoinflammatory diseases and key immunotherapeutic treatment approaches are addressed. The current understanding of these diseases and mechanisms by which therapeutic agents may benefit patients are reviewed. Indications, risks, and additional considerations for the use of these agents in treatment of autoinflammatory disorders are addressed as well.
Part of the book: Immunotherapy