Introduction: Acne, a chronic inflammatory disorder of pilosebaceous unit, is characterized by comedones, pustules, papules, nodules, cysts, and scars. It affects nearly 85% of adolescents. High sebaceous gland secretion, follicular hyperproliferation, high androgen effects, propionibacterium acnes colonization, and inflammation are major pathogenic factors. Systemic disease or syndromes that are associated with acne are less commonly defined. Therefore, these syndromes may not be usually recognized easily.
Part of the book: Acne and Acneiform Eruptions