Over the last few years, the following theoretical and practical research, technologies and algorithms have been developed allowing one to determine characteristics of noise contained in noisy seismic-acoustic signals. These characteristics (noise variance, cross-correlation function between the useful signal and the noise, relay estimations, etc.) are used to indicate the start of anomalous seismic processes (ASPs) as the earthquake preparation process. Using these characteristics, technologies for determining informa-tive attributes of identification of the latent period of origin of ASPs have been developed. Based on those technologies, stations for robust noise monitoring of ASPs have been created and are currently functioning in Azerbaijani. Noise monitoring of ASPs was conducted from 2010.07.01 to 2014.06.01 on nine such stations built at wells of varying depth. Based on the results of obtained experimental data, an intelligent system has been built. It allows identifying the location of the area of an earthquake 10–20 h in advance, using combinations of time of change in the estimate of correlation function RXε(μ) between useful signal X(iΔt) and noise ε(iΔt) of seismic-acoustic information received from different stations. In the long term, the system can be used by seismologists as a tool for determining the location of the area of an expected earthquake.
Part of the book: Earthquakes