Scientists have been paying a special attention for the synthesis of one-dimensional (1D) morphologies to attain new phenomena and novel physicochemical characteristics of materials. Furthermore, 1D nanostructures exhibit long axial ratio, which has a great influence on the physical and chemical properties of materials. It is worth mentioning that electrospinning is one of the most common and efficient techniques used for the preparation of 1D polymer composite nanofibers. Using electrospinning, nanofibers were fabricated by electrostatic stretching of polymer viscous solution by applying a high voltage. This chapter discusses the synthesis of metal oxide nanofibers such as tin oxide (SnO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), titanium oxide (TiO2), and nickel oxide (NiO) using electrospinning process of polymer solution containing metal precursors and followed by annealing procedures to eliminate the polymer galleries, which were chosen as a sacrificial template for the preparation of metal oxide nanofibers. SEM, XRD, and XPS are equipped to characterize the electrospun metal oxide nanofibers and the results settle the formation of homogeneously distributed metal oxide nanofibers.
Part of the book: Electrospinning