Cellulose is the most available biopolymer on earth existent in wood and other lignocellulosic sources, which can be isolated as nanofibers to reinforce composites. The aim of this chapter overview was to explain cellulose nanofibers’ preparation methods from different plant sources. The chemical treatment of cellulose fibers including dilute alkali swelling, acid and base hydrolysis, and bleaching was carried out followed by a mechanical method to isolate nanofibers. In this study, the effect of few palnt source variations and mechanical processes used in extraction procedure on nanofibers morphology, crystallinity, and chemical composition was evaluated. Characteristics of extracted cellulose nanofibers obtained from different plant sources were presented as well.
Part of the book: Nanofiber Research