Part of the book: Recent Advances in Robust Control
In this chapter, modified techniques for fault estimation in linear dynamic systems are proposed, which give the possibility to simultaneously estimate the system state as well as slowly varying faults. Using the continuous-time adaptive observer form, the considered faults are assumed to be additive, thereby the principles can be applied for a broader class of fault signals. Enhanced algorithms using H∞ approach are provided to verify stability of the observers, giving algorithms with improved performance of fault estimation. Exploiting the procedure for transforming the model with additive faults into an extended form, the proposed technique allows to obtain fault estimates that can be used for fault compensation in the fault tolerant control scheme. Analyzing the ambit of performances given on the mixed H2/H∞ design of the fault tolerant control, the joint design conditions are formulated as a minimization problem subject to convex constraints expressed by a system of linear matrix inequalities. Applied enhanced design conditions increase estimation rapidity also in noise environment and formulate a general framework for fault estimation using augmented or adaptive observer structures and active fault tolerant control in linear dynamic systems.
Part of the book: Fault Diagnosis and Detection
This chapter exposes the important connection between ratio control and the state control reflecting equality constraint for linear discrete-time systems, which allows significant reduction in computational complexity and efforts. Based on an enhanced bounded real lemma form, to outperform known approaches, the existence of the state feedback for such defined singular task is proven, and the design procedure based on the linear matrix inequalities is provided. The proposed principle, guaranteeing feasibility of the set of inequalities, improves steady-state accuracy of the ratio control and essentially reduces the design effort. The approach is illustrated on simulation examples, where the validity of the proposed method is demonstrated.
Part of the book: Dynamical Systems
The chapter presents new conditions suitable in design of stabilizing static as well as dynamic output controllers for a class of continuous-time nonlinear systems represented by Takagi-Sugeno models. Taking into account the affine properties of the TS model structure, and applying the fuzzy control scheme relating to the parallel-distributed output compensators, the sufficient design conditions are outlined in the terms of linear matrix inequalities. Depending on the proposed procedures, the Lyapunov matrix can be decoupled from the system parameter matrices using linear matrix inequality techniques or a fuzzy-relaxed approach can be applied to make closed-loop dynamics faster. Numerical examples illustrate the design procedures and demonstrate the performances of the proposed design methods.
Part of the book: Modern Fuzzy Control Systems and Its Applications
The constrained unitary formalism to fuzzy fault detection filter synthesis for one class of nonlinear systems, representable by continuous-time Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy models, is presented in the chapter. In particular, a way to produce the special set of matrix parameters of the fuzzy filter is proposed to obtain the desired H ∞ norm properties of the filter transfer function matrix. The significance of the treatment in relation to the systems under influence of actuator faults is analyzed in this context, and relations to corresponding setting of singular values of filters are discussed.
Part of the book: Nonlinear Systems
The chapter is concerned with the application of distributed discrete-time linear Kalman filtering with decentralized structure of sensors in fault residual generation. Two variants of distributed Kalman filtering algorithms are introduced, giving the incidence of equivalent functional realization structure of fault residual filters. The obtained solutions use Kalman filter innovations in a nonstandard way to generate residuals with significantly higher dynamic signal range. The obtained results, offering structures for fault detection filter realization, are illustrated with a numerical example to note the effectiveness of the approach.
Part of the book: Fault Detection and Diagnosis