The conventional method for spectrum analysis is the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), usually implemented using a fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm. However, certain applications require an online spectrum analysis only on a subset of M frequencies of an N-point DFT (M<N). In such cases, the use of single-bin sliding DFT (Sb-SDFT) is preferred over the direct application of FFT. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a concise overview of the Sb-SDFT algorithms, analyze their performance, and highlight advantages and limitations. Finally, a technique to mitigate the spectral leakage effect, which arises when using the Sb-SDFT in nonstationary conditions, is presented.
Part of the book: Fourier Transforms