Pennsylvania State UniversityUnited States of America
Supercapacitor is one of the promising energy storage devices due to its relatively higher energy density compared with dielectric capacitor and higher power density and longer cycle life time (>millions) than conventional battery. In order to satisfy various requirements for energy technologies, supercapacitors with higher energy and power densities are required. In this chapter, we improved the electrochemical performance largely compared with commercial product through controlling the nanomorphology of cells. Meanwhile, although many past research programs have focused mainly on gravimetric energy densities, here we have also devoted efforts to study and develop nanomorphologic structures to realize high volumetric energy and power densities, since device volume is another critical and key performance parameter. Moreover, fundamental studies have been carried out on the mobile ion transport and storage in the nanostructures developed in this chapter.
Part of the book: Supercapacitor Design and Applications