To solve the pattern recognition problem, a method of synthesized phase objects (SPO-method) is suggested. The essence of the suggested method is that synthesized phase objects are used instead of real amplitude objects. The former is object-dependent phase distributions calculated using the iterative Fourier transform algorithm. The method is experimentally studied with an optical-digital Vanderlugt and joint Fourier transform 4F-correlators. The development of the SPO-method for the rotation invariant pattern recognition is considered as well. We present the comparative analysis of recognition results with the use of the conventional and proposed methods, estimate the sensitivity of the latter to distortions of the structure of objects, and determine the applicability limits. It is demonstrated that the SPO-method allows one: (a) to simplify the procedure of choice of recognition signs (criteria); (b) to obtain one-type δ-like recognition signals irrespective of the type of objects; and (c) to improve the signal-to-noise ratio for correlation signals by 20–30 dB on the average. To introduce recognition objects in a correlator, we use SLM LC-R 2500 and SLM HEO 1080 Pluto devices.
Part of the book: Pattern Recognition