This chapter focuses on the study on luminescent materials, which consist of oxide compounds (host material) and rare earth ions (as the activator) in the valence state, mostly 3+. The first part begins with a background study about the luminescence phenomenon, its stages, and the configurational coordinate diagram. Then, we review the notation often used for rare earth ions, such as the term symbols associated with the energy levels of the ground state. Lastly on the first part, we establish a relationship between the configurational coordinate model and the electronic transitions of such ions. The second part shows the photoluminescence results in some oxide compound materials doped with rare earth ions that have been reported in research articles with potential applications.
Part of the book: Luminescence