In this chapter, a study on two kinds of examples of functional nanofibers has been introduced. In the first section, the formation of nanofiber morphology at a mesoscopic scale and molecular level stacking of a tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) derivative with a chiral group were investigated by the one-dimensional growth method in interfacial molecular films. Monomolecular films of a TTF derivative with a chiral borneol group display a two-dimensional phase transition at the air/water interface. The formation of nanonetwork domains is attributed to the organized aggregation of the TTF derivatives, which is a result of strong intermolecular interactions. In the second section, the formation of nanofiber morphology at a mesoscopic scale and molecular level packing of an amphiphilic diamide derivative with two hydrocarbons were investigated by the in interfacial molecular films. It has found that the growth of this nanofiber morphology is encouraged by the application of the epitaxial growth in the spin-cast film with 1 wt% layered silicate having long hydrocarbons. As mention above, it is found that mesoscopic morphological formation of super-hierarchical structure of the nanofibers having a crystalline arrangement at Å level can be induced conductivity and the thixotropy at macroscopic level.
Part of the book: Nanofiber Research