In this chapter, using colour 3D printing technology, a 3D colour image reproduction system is detailed for the semi-automated and accurate additive manufacturing of facial soft tissue prostheses. A protocol for 3D colour image reproduction was designed based on the six steps of processing. For this specific application, protocols for each sub‐process required development and details of each technique applied are discussed. The quality of facial prostheses was evaluated through objective measurement and subjective assessment. The results demonstrated that the proposed colour reproduction system can be effectively used to produce accurate skin colour with fine textures over a 3D shape, with significant savings in both time and cost when compared to traditional techniques.
Part of the book: New Trends in 3D Printing
Today, both additive manufacturing (3D image technology and 3D printing) had been developed dramatically and involved virtually in all fields of medicine and surgery. It has been widely applied in surgical and prosthetic reconstruction of the craniofacial defects. The aim of this chapter is to characterize and assess the mechanical and optical properties of 3D colored printed soft tissue facial prostheses produced by Z-Corp-Z510 and infiltrated with Sil-25 maxillofacial silicone polymers. Mechanical properties assessed according to ASTM specifications for tensile strength, tear strength, hardness and percentage elongation. Furthermore depth of infiltration plus quality of infiltration was assessed. Scanning electron microscopy SEM was applied for this purpose to determine the characteristic of interaction and incorporation between the starch powder particles and the silicone polymers. Finally, method of color reproduction and evaluation for the printed prostheses are recommended.
Part of the book: Prosthesis