First-principles density functional theory and non-equilibrium Green function calculations have been conducted to explore the electronic properties of the graphene-like 2D materials. It is found that zigzag boron phosphide nanoribbons (zBPNRs) exhibit non-magnetic direct bandgap semiconducting property and bandgap is about 1 eV. The heterostructure zSiC-BP-SiC nanoribbons are found to display an obvious negative differential resistance (NDR), which are tunable by changing the length of BPNRs. It is also found that for the armchair MoS2/WS2NRs heterostructures, with the number of WS2NR unit cell increasing, the NDR effect can be modulated. Especially for the case of M(edge) with W atoms doping on the edges, it not only exhibits a significant NDR effect but also owns a fast current transport. Therefore, these graphene-like 2D materials may possess potential for the application in logic transistor.
Part of the book: Nanoelectronics and Materials Development