Tribology is the science of interacting surfaces; when these surfaces are in a biological system, it is called as biotribology. With the increasing rate of joint replacement operations and need for artificial prosthesis, biotribology is becoming a very important and rapidly growing branch of tribology. Based on this fact, in this chapter, basic tribological concepts are presented in terms of friction, lubrication, and wear; then with these fundamental backgrounds the biotribological behavior of natural and artificial hip joints are discussed in detail. Moreover, material pairs that are used in artificial joint replacements and the application of surface modification for the enhancement of the tribological properties of these materials are handled. Furthermore, the determination of tribological behavior of joint materials such as wear, coefficient of friction, friction torque, and frictional heating by using conventional techniques and hip joint simulator are discussed. Finally, the measurement and analysis of wear in both retrieved prosthesis and experimental studies are discussed referring the latest research articles.
Part of the book: Advances in Tribology