Since the shallow coastal lakes are not only one of the most valuable ecosystems in the world but also some of the most threatened as they receive the wastewater discharged from the watershed, it was important to develop a more detailed modelling component for the lake system. Nowadays, relative to the present advances in computational sciences, hardware and software, improvement in rivers, catchments and lakes modelling has been only modest since the past few decades. The main objective of the study is to examine and evaluate the impact of alternative water quality management practices in the selected drainage catchment, and their effect on the environmental condition of the lake as an important component of the watershed. A hydrodynamic and water quality model was used to study the current status of coastal lakes subject to the discharges and pollution loadings coming from the agricultural drains and the point sources discharge directly to the lake, through simulating the flow circulation inside the main basin of the lake, the transport and advection of the pollutants due to the effluent discharges from drains and other sources of pollutants, and identify and develop the most critical surface drainage water quality indicators to simulate and predict the temporal and spatial variation of pollution.
Part of the book: Lake Sciences and Climate Change