University of PennsylvaniaUnited States of America
The great majority of metallic alloys in use are disordered. The material property of a disordered alloy changes on exposure to thermal, chemical, or mechanical forcing; the changes are often irreversible. We present a new first principle method for modeling disordered metallic alloys suitable for predicting how the morphology, strength, and transport property would evolve under arbitrary forcing conditions. Such a predictive capability is critically important in designing new alloys for applications, such as in new-generation fission and fusion reactors, where unrelenting harsh thermal loading conditions exist. The protocol is developed for constructing a coarse-grained model that can be specialized for the evolution of thermophysical properties of an arbitrary disordered alloy under thermal, stress, nuclear, or chemical forcing scenarios. We model a disordered binary alloy as a randomly close-packed (RCP) assembly of constituent atoms at given composition. As such, a disordered alloy specimen is an admixture of nanocrystallites and glassy matter. For the present purpose, we first assert that interatomic interactions are by repulsion only, but the contributions from the attractive part of the interaction are restored by treating the nanocrystallites as nanoscale pieces of a single crystalline solid composed of the same constituent atoms. Implementation of the protocol is discussed for heating of disordered metals, and results are compared to the known melting point data.
Part of the book: Progress in Metallic Alloys