In this chapter, the design of a nonlinear rotor-side controller is described for a variable pitch wind turbine based on nonlinear, H2 optimal control theory. The objective is to demonstrate the synthesis and application of a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm. In the case of a variable pitch wind turbine, the blade collective pitch angle is controlled to ensure that the turbine is not overloaded. In the case of such turbines the blade pitch may be treated as unknown input and the actual pitch angle is estimated in real time from torque measurements. The algorithm uses a non-linear estimation technique and maximizes an estimate of the actual power transferred from the turbine to the generator. It is validated by simulating the wind-turbine’s dynamics. It is shown that the MPPT algorithm performs within prescribed error bounds both in the case when no disturbances are present, as it is an indicator of the validity of the algorithm and in cases when significant levels of wind disturbances are present.
Part of the book: Wind Turbines