Computer modeling is a widely used method to determine the biomechanical behavior of a system. The aim of our biomechanical multibody simulation computer modeling is to consider the characteristics of a musculoskeletal system through the use of knowledge from the fields of mechanics, anatomy, and physiology in the model in an appropriate manner, in order to obtain as accurately as possible a realistic simulation of the biomechanical behavior of the system. Various application examples of a lumbar spine model that takes the spinal structures with their specific material properties into account are presented: effects of different spine alignments in standing position, effects of overweight on the spinal biomechanics, and application possibilities of biomechanical computer models in medicine.
Part of the book: Numerical Simulation
Background: Statistical analyses show that both the spine curvature and the morphological properties of the vertebral bodies can differ considerably. Therefore, the best outcome of a surgery for the individual patient could be achieved by developing patient specific implants to prevent inadequate anchorage of implants that don?t optimally fit to the anatomy and can cause damages of spinal structures.
Part of the book: Innovations in Spinal Deformities and Postural Disorders