Modifications on the intermediate turbine duct in order to reduce noise emissions by changing interaction frequencies and/or modes capable to propagate are presented. Also different turbine exit casings are described that are optimised to reduce interaction noise that is propagating through the engine and is one of the major noise sources during landing (operating point approach). The most promising modifications to reduce sound power levels are described. Depending on different modifications at specific operating points, the reduction of sound power level is between 5 dB and 10 dB, which is a significant reduction. However, some of these measures show an increase in aerodynamic losses. Therefore, a compromise has to be found between higher losses during a short duration (e.g. landing) and significant noise reduction. The chapter focuses on experimental results obtained in the test facilities of the Institute for Thermal Turbomachinery and Machine Dynamics at Graz University of Technology.
Part of the book: Recent Progress in Some Aircraft Technologies