Seeds are very important part of the world’s diet, contributing to half of the global per capita energy intake. Thereby, their study has a substantive relevance, reflected by numerous yearly publications. However, mysteries remain about the main molecular mechanisms involved in germination and dormancy. Seed is a completely independent living thing, and in suitable conditions, hatches and generates a new adult plant completely, identical to which they gave rise. And to do so requires only light and water in certain proportions. Theoretically, the seed has reserves of nutrients that allow it to grow, until their so‐called autotrophic features allow them to establish itself as a self‐sufficient organism. So far, the above cannot be explained adequately, we only have abundant theories that come and go. However, our finding of the intrinsic property of melanin is that it transforms the visible and invisible light to chemical energy through the water molecule dissociation and marks a before and an after process in the study of the germination of the seeds. Nutrients that can be found in a seed not only provide energy but also elements to be biomass, that is, mainly carbon chains of different lengths and combinations, which eventually constitute the backbone of more than 95% of biomolecules. The chemical energy that the seed requires to carry out the highly complex chemical reactions necessary for hatching is taken from water, dissociating it through melanin.
Part of the book: Plant Growth