The most significant feature of nonwoven fabric is made directly from fibers in a continuous production line. While manufacturing nonwovens, some conventional textile operations, such as carding, drawing, roving, spinning, weaving or knitting, are partially or completely eliminated. For this reason the choice of fiber is very important for nonwoven manufacturers. The commonly used fibers include natural fibers (cotton, jute, flax, wool), synthetic fibers (polyester (PES), polypropylene (PP), polyamide, rayon), special fibers (glass, carbon, nanofiber, bi-component, superabsorbent fibers). Raw materials have not only delivered significant product improvements but also benefited people using these products by providing hygiene and comfort.
Part of the book: Non-woven Fabrics
A large number of textiles and indoor decorations including carpets, curtains, wallpaper, and so on are all easy to burn. Textile materials that are readily combustible can serve as one of the ingredients in a fire and pose a serious threat to human life and property in fire accidents. The demands for flame‐retardant textile fabrics have a steady growth for the past decades and have become an urgent exigency. In this research, two new eco‐friendly boron chemicals, boric acid, and borax decahydrate, were used as flame‐retardant. The flame‐retarding functions for bulked continuous filaments polypropylene (BCF PP) yarn are investigated through the applications of boron chemicals. It is determined that applying boron chemicals improves fire retardance.
Part of the book: Textiles for Advanced Applications