A fixed-pattern noise correction technique for time-domain CMOS imagers with high dynamic range is presented in this chapter. Analytical derivations are presented showing how the circuit variations affect the time measured. The error in the time measured can be reduced by using lower reference voltages achieving values smaller than 4%. The fixed-pattern noise correction technique proposed is based on a new readout method for time-domain imagers employing two reference voltages for the discharge time measurement. This new technique is non-sensitive to circuit parameter variations that contribute to fixed-pattern noise such as hold voltages of transistors. A simple electronic circuit is proposed to implement the technique. Circuit and simulation results are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technique.
Part of the book: Optoelectronics
Three-phase induction motors present stray capacitances. The aim of this chapter is to present a methodology to experimentally determine these capacitances and also evaluate the effects of electromagnetic interference on motors in common mode. The proposed procedures for this methodology consist of: a) identifying the motor equivalent electrical circuit parameters through characteristic tests performed in the laboratory; b) setting up configurations between the PWM inverter and the motor for voltage and current measurements: common mode and shaft voltages, leakage and shaft (bearing) currents by using a dedicated measuring circuit; c) calculating the parasitic capacitance values between stator and frame, stator and rotor, rotor and frame and bearings of the motor using the capacitance characteristic equation; d) using the dedicated software Pspice to simulate the system composed by the three-phase induction motor fed by PWM inverter with the equivalent electrical circuit parameters; e) determining the characteristic waveforms involved in the common mode phenomenon.
Part of the book: Induction Motors