M. Tanemura received the Ph.D. degree from Nagoya Institute of Technology (NIT), Nagoya, Japan, in 1988. Before joining NIT in 1991, he worked at Toyota Central Research and Development Laboratories, Inc., Aichi, Japan from 1983 to 1990. He worked also at Bonn University, Germany, from 1996 to 1997, as an Alexander von Humboldt Fellow. He is currently a Professor at NIT, and a head of research laboratory â€œLow-temperature synthesis of nano-carbon materials.â€ He was a member of the editorial board of the Journal of the Surface Science Society of Japan (2004-2008), and is a member of the program committee of The Japan Society of Applied Physic. He has about 20 yearsâ€™ experience of works on the ion-solid interactions and on the precise surface analyses of materials. His recent research activities include the low-temperature fabrication of one-dimensional nanomaterials based on the ion-solid interactions, especially the room-temperature growth of carbon nanofibers and the low-temperature fabrication of ZnO nanoneedles, and their applications. He has published more than 150 papers in international journals and contributed to 4 books. He was awarded Nagai Award from Nagai Foundation for Science & Technology in 2007.