Part of the book: Advances in Optical Fiber Technology
The evolution of a fiber fuse in a single-mode optical fiber was studied theoretically. To clarify both the silica-glass densification and cavity formation, which are observed in fiber fuse propagation, we investigated a nonlinear oscillation model using the Van der Pol equation. This model was able to phenomenologically explain the densification of the core material, the formation of periodic cavities, the cavity shape, and the regularity of the cavity pattern in the core layer as a result of the relaxation oscillation and cavity compression and/or deformation. Furthermore, the production and diffusion of O2 gas in the high-temperature core layer were described on the basis of the nonlinear oscillation model.
Part of the book: Fiber Optics