Artashes Zilfyan

Head of Eye Laser CenterYerevan State Medical UniversityArmenia

Professor Artashes Zilfyan, MBA, PhD, is a chief ophthalmologist of Yerevan City. He is the founder and president of Association of Young Ophthalmologists in Armenia. He is the director of Eye Laser Center at MC “Shengavit.” He is also a professor of Ophthalmology. His areas of specialization are minimally invasive cataract surgery—microcoaxial phacoemulsification—glaucoma nonpenetrating and penetrating surgery, using drains and shunts; treatment of keratoconus by crosslinking, keraring, and keratoplasty; and treatment of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism using Excimer laser Femto-LASIK. He is the author of more than 75 publications and more than 45 scientific articles in international conferences and journals (mainly in ophthalmology on the subject ACAID syndrome of immune deviation of the eye for complicated and senile cataracts). He is the author and inventor of a new method of keratoconus diagnosis MMP9 as a main factor.

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Latest work with IntechOpen by Artashes Zilfyan

For thousands of years, cataract surgery continues to be the "pearl" of ophthalmic surgery. It is explained by the fact that cataract removal always leads to an increase in visual acuity of patients. A new technology of cataract removal, phacoemulsification, was introduced by Charles Kelman in 1967. Despite this, it was difficult for the surgeons to transform from extracapsular cataract extraction to the new method - phacoemulsification. Recently, in the ophthalmological practice, the method of femtolaser cataract surgery (FLACS) has been introduced. This method allows you to automatically perform the basic stages of cataract surgery - corneal incisions, capsulorhexis, nucleus fracture. At the same time, to apply the various techniques of cataract surgery, the surgeon must possess virtually all the necessary techniques. This is dictated by the fact that, as a rule, cataract itself is rarely isolated - senile. Knowledge of the basic rules of cataract surgery, the use of pupillary rings and iris retractors in narrow pupils, the use of capsular rings in subluxations of the lens, the use of special modes of phaco in severe late cataracts, and a comprehensive clinical way of thinking can undoubtedly reduce the complications of cataract surgery.

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