Part of the book: Mass Transfer
In this chapter, an algorithm for the solution of the mathematical model featuring steady‐state multicomponent distillation columns is analyzed and applied in the case study of the separation of hydrocarbon mixture. The development of the model has assumed each stage outlet streams in thermodynamic equilibrium in the phases liquid and vapor. The modeling of liquid was considerate and the non‐ideality behavior was described by activity. The non‐ideality of gas phase was calculated by Peng‐Robinson equation of state. The model consists of a set of nonlinear algebraic equations. The algorithm and numerical procedure to solve a set of equations are presented in a sequential, general and very simple form. A methodology to produce the good initial guess was defined based on rude simplifications of the system. In the study case, the initial estimates generated by the method are very good, being only about 20% far from the simulation results and considering a tolerance of 10−10, the convergence was obtained with 28 iterations.
Part of the book: Distillation