Micromachining is the most suitable technology for the production of very small components (micro-components) in the industry. It is a high-precision manufacturing process with applications in various industrial sectors, including machine building. This chapter presents the experimental study of the roughness (Ra and Rt) of aluminum alloys using a specific micro-turning process. The roughness measurements carried out show how it is possible to achieve very good surface qualities up to 0.05 mm diameter. For lower diameters, the surface quality worsens and the shape defects increase (conicity) due to the very low rigidity of the workpiece, which makes it very sensitive when passing through the forming process. The fundamental objective of this research is to analyze the surface quality of the finishes obtained in these micromachining processes and to evaluate their suitability to the specifications required by the mechanical industry (roughness, presence of burrs, shape and geometry, etc.). Predictive roughness models are proposed, with a good degree of approximation, to help characterize micromachining processes.
Part of the book: Advanced Aluminium Composites and Alloys
Unlike conventional materials, composites have become an optimal option for a range of modern, industrial, clinical, and sports applications. This is combined with their noteworthy physical, thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties, as well as low weight and cost investment funds in certain cases. This review article attempts to give an overall outline of composite materials, regularly polymer-matrix composites (PMCs) and metal-matrix composites (MMCs). Polypropylene (PP) polymer and aluminum alloy were selected as matrices for this concentrate in light of their appealing properties and their use in different applications. Various studies address the different build-up materials, material handling, and the various properties. Mechanical characterization is an important cycle process for the development and design of composite materials and their components. It includes the determination of mechanical properties, for example, stiffness and strength according to standard test techniques (i.e., tensile, compression, and shear test strategies) distributed by the ASTM and EN ISO associations. Comparable to the determination of fatigue strength and fatigue life for composite materials. With respect to mechanical properties of composite materials, this paper reports several variables and limitations that affect mechanical property estimates, including material constituents, manufacturing process, test parameters, and environmental conditions.
Part of the book: Next Generation Fiber-Reinforced Composites