Thalita Peixoto Basso

University of São Paulo

Thalita Peixoto Basso received her B.Sc. degree in Agriculture Engineering in 2008 by UEL (Brazil). During this period she studied fermentation characteristics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from industrial process for production of ethanol. She was conferred her M.Sc. degree in Science by Food Science and Technology Department from College of Agriculture “Luiz de Queiroz” (ESALQ/USP, Brazil) in 2010. During this period she isolated and selected fungi that hydrolyses sugarcane bagasse. She received her Ph.D. in Science by Agriculture Microbiology Department from ESALQ/USP, with period of one year as Visiting Scholar at University of California Berkeley and Energy Bioscience Institute. During this period she worked on improvement of S. cerevisiae by hybridization for increased tolerance towards inhibitors from second-generation ethanol substrates. She has recently initiated her Postdoctoral at Genetic Department from ESALQ/USP.

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This book offers a broad understanding of bioethanol production from sugarcane, although a few other substrates, except corn, will also be mentioned. The 10 chapters are grouped in five sections. The Fuel Ethanol Production from Sugarcane in Brazil section consists of two chapters dealing with the first-generation ethanol Brazilian industrial process. The Strategies for Sugarcane Bagasse Pretreatment section deals with emerging physicochemical methods for biomass pretreatment, and the non-conventional biomass source for lignocellulosic ethanol production addresses the potential of weed biomass as alternative feedstock. In the Recent Approaches for Increasing Fermentation Efficiency of Lignocellulosic Ethanol section, potential and research progress using thermophile bacteria and yeasts is presented, taking advantage of microorganisms involved in consolidating or simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation processes. Finally, the Recent Advances in Ethanol Fermentation section presents the use of cold plasma and hydrostatic pressure to increase ethanol production efficiency. Also in this section the use of metabolic-engineered autotrophic cyanobacteria to produce ethanol from carbon dioxide is mentioned.

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