Hassan Al- Haj Ibrahim

Al-Baath University

Dr. Al-Haj Ibrahim obtained his B.Sc. in Fuel Engineering (1970) and Ph.D. (1973) at Leeds University, UK. From 1970 until 1974 Dr. Al-Haj Ibrahim was a Research Fellow at British Coke Research Association (Leeds University, England) after which he worked at Homs Oil Refinery, Syria (1974-1975). In 1975 Dr. Al-Haj Ibrahim became a Professor at Al Baath University (Syria) where he still works. He was also a Senior Researcher at Syrian Atomic Energy Commission (2000-2003) and Director of Quality Assurance, Al-Baath University, Syria (2003-2008, 2015-2017). Furthermore, Dr. Al-Haj Ibrahim was a visiting professor at a number of universities: Technical University of Aachen, Germany; University of Pittsburgh, U.S.A. (Fulbright scholar); Alexandria University, Egypt; University of Hadhramout, Yemen; Arab University, Syria.

Hassan Al- Haj Ibrahim

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Latest work with IntechOpen by Hassan Al- Haj Ibrahim

Pyrolysis is an irreversible thermochemical treatment process of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere. It is basically a carbonisation process where an organic material is decomposed to produce a solid residue with high (or higher) carbon content and some volatile products. The decomposition reactions are accompanied in general with polymerisation and isomerisation reactions. The end products of pyrolysis can be controlled by optimizing pyrolysis parameters such as temperature and residence time. Pyrolysis is used heavily in the chemical industry to produce many forms of carbon and other chemicals from petroleum, coal, wood, oil shale, biomass or organic waste materials, and it is the basis of several methods for producing fuel from biomass. Pyrolysis also is the process of conversion of buried organic matter into fossil fuels.

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