The chemical structure of quinazolinones includes benzene ring fused with 2-pyrimidinone (1), 4-pyrimidinone (2) or 2,4-pyrimidinedione (3) ring, and are named as quinazolin-2(1H)-one, quinazolin-4(3H)-one or quinazolin-2,4(1H, 3H)-one, respectively. The chemical structure of quinazolinones constitutes a crucial scaffold of natural and synthetic compounds with various therapeutic and biological activities. Quinazolinones are first synthesized by Stefan Niementowski (1866–1925) and named after Niementowski quinazolinone synthesis. Quinazolinones have strongly attracted the interest of medicinal chemist as they constitute a large class of compounds that exhibited broad spectrum of biological activities including antimicrobial, antimalarial, anticonvulsant, anticancer, antileishmanial, anti-inflammatory, etc. This chapter provides a brief overview on the recent advances on chemical and pharmacological aspects of quinazolinone derivatives published in the last decade.
Part of the book: Quinazolinone and Quinazoline Derivatives