Part of the book: Principal Component Analysis
Miniature implantable electronic devices play increasing roles in modern medicine. In order to implement these devices successfully, the wireless power transfer (WPT) technology is often utilized because it provides an alternative to the battery as the energy source; reduces the size of implant substantially; allows the implant to be placed in a restricted space within the body; reduces both medical cost and chances of complications; and eliminates repeated surgeries for battery replacements. In this work, we present our recent studies on WPT for miniature implants. First, a new implantable coil with a double helix winding is developed which adapts to tubularly shaped organs within the human body, such as blood vessels and nerves. This coil can be made in the planar form and then wrapped around the tubular organ, greatly simplifying the surgical procedure for device implantation. Second, in order to support a variety of experiments (e.g., drug evaluation) using a rodent animal model, we present a special WPT transceiver system with a relatively large power transmitter and a miniature implantable power receiver. We present a multi-coil design that allows steady power transfer from the floor of an animal cage to the bodies of a group of free-moving laboratory rodents.
Part of the book: Recent Wireless Power Transfer Technologies