Part of the book: Advances in Spacecraft Systems and Orbit Determination
In this chapter, we reveal a dual-tensor-based procedure to obtain exact expressions for the six degree of freedom (6-DOF) relative orbital law of motion in the specific case of two Keplerian confocal orbits. The result is achieved by pure analytical methods in the general case of any leader and deputy motion, without singularities or implying any secular terms. Orthogonal dual tensors play a very important role, with the representation of the solution being, to the authors’ knowledge, the shortest approach for describing the complete onboard solution of the 6-DOF orbital motion problem. The solution does not depend on the local-vertical–local-horizontal (LVLH) properties involves that is true in any reference frame of the leader with the origin in its mass center. A representation theorem is provided for the full-body initial value problem. Furthermore, the representation theorems for rotation part and translation part of the relative motion are obtained.
Part of the book: Space Flight
In this chapter, using the ring properties of dual number algebra, vector and tensor calculus, a computing method for the higher-order acceleration vector field properties in general rigid body motion is proposed. The higher-order acceleration field of a rigid body in a general motion is uniquely determined by higher-order time derivative of a dual twist. For the relative kinematics of rigid body motion, equations that allow the determination of the higher-order acceleration vector field are given, using an exponential Brockett-like formula in the dual Lie algebra. In particular cases, the properties for velocity, acceleration, jerk, and jounce fields are given. This approach uses the isomorphism between the Lie algebra of the rigid displacements se(3), of the Special Euclidean group, SE3,and the Lie algebra of dual vectors. The results are coordinate free and in a closed form.
Part of the book: Advances on Tensor Analysis and their Applications