Part of the book: Fingerprints in the Optical and Transport Properties of Quantum Dots
In view of the analogy of an exciton, biexciton and trion to the positronium (Ps) atom, Ps molecule, and Ps negative ion, in this chapter, we review our recent works on the Ps atom, Ps negative ion (Ps−), and Ps-Ps interaction with Coulomb and screened Coulomb interactions for better understanding of spectroscopic properties of excitons, and excitonic ions and molecules. For the Coulomb case, this chapter describes the recent theoretical developments on the ground state, resonance states, photodetachment cross sections, polarizability and the recent experimental advancement on the efficient formation, photodetachment, resonance state of Ps−. The chapter also presents results for the lowest 3De Feshbach and 1Po shape resonances for Ps− using correlated exponential wavefunctions. The 1Po shape resonance parameter is in agreement with the recent experiment. For screened interactions, various properties of Ps and Ps− along with the dispersion coefficients for Ps-Ps interaction have been reviewed briefly. This review describes the effect of screened interactions on various properties of Ps− within the framework of both screened Coulomb potential (SCP) and exponential-cosine-screened Coulomb potential (ECSCP). The influence of ECSCP on the dipole and quadrupole polarizability of Ps− as functions of screening parameter and photon frequency are presented for the first time.
Part of the book: Excitons