Part of the book: Weed Control
Lithuania sugar beet growers have few herbicide options available for weed management. Six field trials were conducted at the Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania, in order to evaluate the effects of chemical weed management in sugar beet. Treatments included untreated and hand-weeded control and several rates of phenmedipham plus desmedipham plus ethofumesate, phenmedipham, ethofumesate, triflusulfuron, chloridazon, and metamitron. Pre- and postemergence and only postemergence applications similarly affected weed control. Phenmedipham plus desmedipham plus ethofumesate was more effective for controlling weeds when applied in combination with metamitron, triflusulfuron, and chloridazon. The significantly lowest efficacy for weed control was phenmedipham combined with ethofumesate and metamitron as compared to the phenmedipham plus desmedipham plus ethofumesate. Reducing the doses of phenmedipham plusdesmedipham plus ethofumesate from 114+89+140 g a.i. ha-1 to 91+71+112 g a.i. ha-1 and 68+53+84 g a.i. ha-1 in mixture with triflusulfuron resulted in the increase of weed biomass. Full (45 g a.i. ha-1) and reduced doses (30 g a.i. ha-1) of triflusulfuron with phenmedipham plus desmedipham plus ethofumesate similarly affected weeds. The herbicides investigated did not have any negative influence on sugar beet productivity and quality.
Part of the book: Herbicides