Part of the book: Bayesian Networks
Part of the book: New Approach of Indoor and Outdoor Localization Systems
Part of the book: Dynamic Programming and Bayesian Inference
This chapter looks into the technical features of state-of-the-art wireless sensors networks for environmental monitoring. Technology advances in low-power and wireless devices have made the deployment of those networks more and more affordable. In addition, wireless sensor networks have become more flexible and adaptable to a wide range of situations. Hence, a framework for their correct implementation will be provided. Then, one specific application about real-time environmental monitoring in support of a model-based predictive control system installed in a metro station will be described. In these applications, filtering, resampling, and post-processing functions must be developed, in order to convert raw data into a dataset arranged in the right format, so that it can inform the algorithms of the control system about the current state of the domain under control. Finally, the whole architecture of the model-based predictive control and its final performances will be reported.
Part of the book: Real-time Systems
This chapter focuses on advanced tools for transient energy simulation of existing buildings. Budget constraints often hinder the possibility of implementing large-scale retrofit projects. As a consequence, designers must work out low-cost renovation, which asks for a deep knowledge of the current state of the buildings. Furthermore, the performances of heating plants in existing buildings can be enhanced through the improvement of the control of the system. These types of retrofit actions can be carried out with a limited budget, but asks for the availability of very accurate transient energy simulation tools, which can compare the current and the renovated scenarios. On top of them, cost–benefit analyses can be developed. In this chapter, a model of a small hospital is developed in the Dymola/Modelica environment. The high flexibility of the transient simulation model and the very good agreement between numerical estimations and measurements are shown. Then, one scenario regarding enhanced regulation of the heating system by means of a customized ambient temperature control system is developed, and the expected energy savings are estimated.
Part of the book: HVAC System
Implementation of processes in facility management asks for coordination and collaboration among several factors, each implementing its own sub-process. This goal must cope with several challenges caused by the fragmentation of the AEC (architectural, engineering, construction) industry. In the specific case of facility recommissioning, further constraints are determined by limitations posed by the current status of the existing facility whose knowledge is often limited to coarse preliminary surveys. In this chapter, the benefits determined by the integration between BIM and mixed reality will be presented, along with a prototypical platform that realizes an efficient, distributed collaborative workflow enabling asynchronous collaboration among members of the facility management office, the owner, the design team and technical specialists that may be appointed in recommissioning workflows. Technically, this approach provides an immersive mixed-reality environment capable of seamlessly displaying project information, through which specialists can evaluate and refine different recommissioning options. In addition, the platform supports on-site enrichment of BIM models for a facilitated, yet asynchronous, collaboration between remote and on-site users. This technology was validated by means of real-life experiments regarding a hypothetical recommissioning project of the Construction Division of the DICEA Department at Università Politecnica delle Marche (Ancona, Italy).
Part of the book: From Theory of Knowledge Management to Practice [Working title]