Part of the book: Point Mutation
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a model organism for biochemical and genetic studies, and several very important discoveries of fundamental biological processes have been conducted using this yeast as an experimental organism. An emerging concept, which is validated by several works using this organism, relies on the biological importance of oxidant species, specially the hydroperoxides. These molecules were formed during aerobic biological process and control several intracellular mechanisms such as a range of signaling pathways, cell cycle, programmed cell death, circadian rhythm, aging, and lifespan extension. Thereby, cellular homeostasis depends on a refined control of hydroperoxides levels and low-molecular-weight molecules in combination with antioxidant enzymes playing a role in this equilibrium. This proposal is focused on the S. cerevisiae peroxiredoxins and their role in peroxide decomposition, signal transduction, circadian clocks, and aging as model enzymes for the study and comprehension of these biological processes in living organisms, including humans.
Part of the book: Old Yeasts