Kesara Anamthawat-Jónsson

University of IcelandIceland

Kesara Anamthawat-Jónsson is a professor of plant genetics and currently serves as director of the Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences of the University of Iceland. Her educational background is in the field of botany (B.Sc. Honour & King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s Gold Medal Award, from Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok), plant genetics and physiology (Fulbright recipient, M.A. from the University of Kansas, USA) and plant molecular cytogenetics (Ph.D. from Cambridge University, Churchill College, UK). Professor Anamthawat-Jónsson began her scientific career in plant physiology and cytogenetics and expanded into plant molecular genetics, phylogenomics and plant phylogeography. Two main groups of plant species she has been working on during the past 30 years of research in Iceland are the birch tree family Betulaceae and the grass Triticeae tribe which includes wheat and lymegrass. She has published around 150 peer-reviewed research papers and reviews in scientific journals and books and has graduated a number of research students from Icelandic, Scandinavian and other European universities.

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Latest work with IntechOpen by Kesara Anamthawat-Jónsson

Mapping phylogenetics on geographical scales is one of the most important scientific aspects of bioscience research. Changes in the environment have evidently shaped the geographical distribution of organisms on land and in the oceans seen today. Overexploitation of key species has caused not only changes in the distribution and diversity of organisms and composition of the ecosystems, but is also leading to species extinction at accelerating rates. It is our duty as scientists to find ways of protecting the species endangered with extinction and preventing other species from entering the endangered stage. To manage this effectively, we need to map species distribution, understand life-history traits, define genetic variation within species and populations, identify lineages - especially at the molecular level - and correlate the historical, phylogenetic components with the spatial distributions of gene lineages. In this book, phylogenetics and phylogeography of a diverse range of organisms are reviewed: from microorganisms causing gastroenteritis in humans, fishes in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean and spiders of the western Indian Ocean, to mountain tapirs in South America and birch tree species of the Arctic tundra.

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