Dr. Bassam A. Annous is a Research Microbiologist at the USDA – ARS – Eastern Regional Research Center, in Wyndmoor, PA. He earned a B.S. and a M.S. from the American University of Beirut, and a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois. His research experience has been in the areas of microbial food safety, food science, food engineering, and microbial biotechnology. He has designed and validated novel thermal and non-thermal surface pasteurization technologies capable of reaching and inactivating human pathogens attached to inaccessible sites within biofilms on produce surfaces. He has authored 60+ peer-reviewed publications, review articles, and book chapters. He presented 40+ invited talks at scientific meetings and universities in USA, Japan, Canada, Australia, and Mexico. He served by invitation as an expert on three Food Safety and Security panels convened by FAO and WHO of the United Nations.