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Subject Index

Written By

Gyula Mozsik and Imre Szabó

Published: March 9th, 2016

DOI: 10.5772/60497

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Adenosine triphosphosphate (ATP),
Adenosine cyclic 3’,5’-adenosine monophosphate, (cAMP),
ATP transformation into ADP
under physiological circumstances,
under different pathological conditions,
human gastric basal acid out,
human gastric maximal acid output,
human gastric antral ulcer,
human duodenal ulcer,
human jejunal ulcer,
gastric acid secretion in pylorus-ligated rats,
under different drug actions,
ATP transformation into cyclic adenosine 3’,5’-AMP
under physiological circumstances,
under different pathological conditions,
human gastric basal acid out,
human gastric maximal acid output,
gastric acid secretion in pylorus-ligated rats,
gastric ulcer in pylorus-ligated rats,
epinephrine ulcer model,
stress ulcer model,
Aspirin-induced mucosal damage
Gastric H+ secretion,
Gastric mucosal biochemistry
During ulcer development
During gastric mucosal protection produced by atropine
During gastric mucosal protection by vitamin A and β-carotene
Indomethacin ulcer model
Biochemical backgrounds
Cellular mechanisms,
During gastric ulcer development,
During gastric mucosal protection
by atropine,
by cimetidine,
β-carotene,
by vitamin A,
Gastric mucosal cAMP vs gastric mucosal damage,
Gastric mucosal cAMP vs, gastric mucosal protection,
Prostaglandin system vs gastric mucosal protection by β-carotene,
Reserpine ulcer model
NaOH, NaCl, HCl and ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage
Time-sequence between the mucosal damage vs. introduction of chemical agents,
Biochemical mechanisms vs. mucosal damage,
Acid-dependent ulcer model vs. gastric mucosal biochemistry,
Non- acid-dependent ulcer model vs. mucosal biochemistry,
Gastric mucosal protection by PGI2
Gastric mucosal protection by β-carotene
Gastric mucosal damage vs. oxygen free radicals
Gastric mucosal protection vs. oxygen free radicals,
Evidence-based medicine
Problem-orientated medice,
Human clinical pharmacology,
Acute comparative clinical pharmacology in patients,
Chronic atropine treatment in patients with duodenal ulcer
Development of tolerance to atropine
Development of drug tolerance to parasympatholytics,
Pharmacological denervation phenomenon,
Cytoprotection
In patients with duodenal ulcer,
In patients with gastric ulcer,
In experimental circumstances,
Prostaglandins,
Retinoids,
Small doses of atropine, cimetidine,
Biochemical mechanisms of cytoprotection,
Gastrointestinal mucosal biochemistry in patients,
In gastric fundic mucosa with different gastric secretory responses,
Biochemical and energetic gradients in mucosa of fundus vs. antrum vs. jejunum,
Cholinergic ragulation of ATP-ADP transformation in the human gastric tissues
Biochemistry of chronic ulcer in patients
gastric antral ulcer,
duodenal ulcer
jenunal ulcer,
exclusion of tissue hypoxia in the ulcerated mucosa,
ATP-membrane ATPase- ADP system.
First and second messenger systems
Feedback mechanisms between Na+-K+-dependent ATPase and adenylate
cyclase systems in intact gastrointestinal mucosal tissues
In vitro observations
In vivo observations
Under development of mucosal damage in different animal models
Drug action on dependence of the funtional states of target organs
Na+-K+-dependent ATPase vs. activity of membrane ATPase,
Changes in the feedback regulations of cellular energy systems,
Cellular energy systems
„energy charge”[(ATP+0.5 ADP)/(ATP+ADP+AMP)]
Na+-K+-dependent (transport) energy system
Short review,
In the gastrointestinal mucosa
Gastric basal acid ouput in humans
Gastric maximanl acid ouput in humans
H+-K+-dependent ATPase
Short review
Adenylate cyclase system
Short review,
Isolated gastric mucosal cells (GMCs)
Ethanol,
Indomethacin,
Helicobacter pylori
Cellular damage at the levels of cell membrane mitochondion, DNA
Stable cell lines
Mouse cell myeloma cell line (Sp2/0-Ag14 cell line),
Human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line ( Hep G2),
„surgical” and „ chemical „ vagotomy
Gastric acid secretion,
Gastric mucosal protection,
Biochemistry in the gastric mucosal biochemistry,
Biochemistry of „use” and „disuse” in the rat gastric mucosa,
Chronic atropine treatment
In patients with chronic duodenal ulcer
In rats
Chronic treatment of rats with Neostigmine (choline)

Written By

Gyula Mozsik and Imre Szabó

Published: March 9th, 2016