Open access peer-reviewed chapter

Frequency Upconversion in Rare Earth Ions

By Vineet Kumar Rai

Submitted: May 19th 2011Reviewed: November 9th 2011Published: February 17th 2012

DOI: 10.5772/36197

Downloaded: 2037

© 2012 The Author(s). Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to cite and reference

Link to this chapter Copy to clipboard

Cite this chapter Copy to clipboard

Vineet Kumar Rai (February 17th 2012). Frequency Upconversion in Rare Earth Ions, Solid State Laser, Amin H. Al-Khursan, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/36197. Available from:

chapter statistics

2037total chapter downloads

More statistics for editors and authors

Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications.

Access personal reporting

Related Content

This Book

Next chapter

Parameters Controlling Optical Feedback of Quantum-Dot Semiconductor Lasers

By Basim Abdullattif Ghalib, Sabri J. Al-Obaidi and Amin H. Al-Khursan

Related Book

First chapter

Gaseous Scanning Electron Microscope (GSEM): Applications and Improvement

By Lahcen Khouchaf

We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. Built by scientists, for scientists. Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals. We share our knowledge and peer-reveiwed research papers with libraries, scientific and engineering societies, and also work with corporate R&D departments and government entities.

More About Us