Open access peer-reviewed chapter

Noradrenergic Mechanisms in Parkinson’s Disease and L-DOPA-Induced Dyskinesia: Hypothesis and Evidences from Behavioural and Biochemical Studies

By Amal Alachkar

Submitted: October 20th 2010Reviewed: August 5th 2011Published: February 8th 2012

DOI: 10.5772/17435

Downloaded: 1774

© 2012 The Author(s). Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Amal Alachkar (February 8th 2012). Noradrenergic Mechanisms in Parkinson’s Disease and L-DOPA-Induced Dyskinesia: Hypothesis and Evidences from Behavioural and Biochemical Studies, Mechanisms in Parkinson's Disease - Models and Treatments, Juliana Dushanova, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/17435. Available from:

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