Open access peer-reviewed chapter

# Fuzzy Information Measures with Multiple Parameters

By Anjali Munde

Submitted: April 12th 2018Reviewed: May 18th 2018Published: October 31st 2018

DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78803

## Abstract

Information theory deals with the study of problems concerning any system. This includes information processing, information storage, information retrieval and decision making. Information theory studies all theoretical problems connected with the transmission of information over communication channels. This includes the study of uncertainty (information) measures and various practical and economical methods of coding information for transmission. In this chapter, the introduction of a new generalised measure of fuzzy information involving two real parameters is given. The proposed measure satisfies all the necessary properties of being a measure. Some additional properties of the proposed measure have also been studied. Further, the monotonic nature of generalised fuzzy information measure with respect to the parameters is studied and validity of the same is checked by constructing the computed tables and plots on taking different fuzzy sets and different values of the parameters. Also, a new generalised fuzzy information measure involving three parameters has been introduced.

### Keywords

• fuzzy set theory
• entropy
• fuzzy information measures
• monotonicity
• symmetry

## 1. Background

Shannon [1] introduced the concept of entropy in communication theory and founded the subject of information theory. The stochastic system has an important property known as entropy which is widely used in various fields.

Further, the second law of thermodynamics that explains that there cannot be spontaneous decrease in the entropy of system described that over time the systems tend to be more disordered. Thus, information theory has found wide applications in statistics, information processing and computing instead of concerned with communication systems only.

If we consider entropy equivalent to uncertainty then an enormous deal of insight can be obtained. Zadeh [2] introduced and enlightened about a generalised theory of vagueness or ambiguity. In order to observe about the external world, uncertainty plays a very important role. For understanding composite phenomena, any discipline that contributes in order to understand measure, regulate, maximise or minimise and control is considered as a significant input.

Uncertainty plays a significant role in our perceptions about the external world. Any discipline that can assist us in understanding it, measuring it, regulating it, maximizing or minimizing it and ultimately controlling it to the extent possible, should certainly be considered an important contribution to our scientific understanding of complex phenomena.

Uncertainty is not a single monolithic concept. It can appear in several guises. It can arise in what we normally consider a probabilistic phenomenon. On the other hand, it can also appear in a deterministic phenomenon where we know that the outcome is not a chance event, but we are fuzzy about the possibility of the specific outcome. This type of uncertainty arising out of fuzziness is the subject of investigation of the relatively new discipline of fuzzy set theory.

We shall first take up the case of probabilistic uncertainty. Probabilistic uncertainty is related to the uncertainty connected with the probability of outcomes.

Consider a set of events E = (E1, E2,…, En) with a set of probability distribution P = (p1, p2, …,pn), pi ≥ 0, i=1npi=1.

Then the Shannon [1] entropy associated with P is given by,

HP=i=1npilogpiE1

The base of logarithm is taken as 2. Also it is assumed that

0log0=0.

Shannon [1] obtained (Eq. (1)) on the basis of following postulates:

1. H(P) should be a continuous permutationally symmetric function of p1, p2,…, pn, that is, ambiguity changes by slight quantity if there is slight quantity changes in pi’s and ambiguity remain unchanged if pi’s exchange among themselves.

2. H(p1, p2,…, pn, 0) = H(p1, p2,…, pn), that is, uncertainty should not change when an impossible outcome is added to the scheme.

3. H(P) should be minimum when P is any one of the n degenerate distribution Δ1=100,Δ2=010,,Δn=001and the minimum value should be zero because in all these cases, there is no uncertainty about the outcome.

4. H(P) should be maximum when p1 = p2 = … = pn = 1/n because in this case the uncertainty is maximum.

5. H(P*Q) = H(P) + H(Q), that is, the uncertainty of two independent probability distributions is the sum of the uncertainties of the two probability distributions.

6. H(p1, p2,…, pn) = H(p1+ p2,p3,…, pn) + (p1+ p2)H(p1/p1 + p2, p2/p1 + p2)

The measures in (Eq. (1)) not only measures uncertainty, but it also measures equality of p1, p2,…, pn, since it has the maximum value when p1, p2,…,pn, are all equal and has the minimum value when pi’s are most unequal. In fact pi’s can be regarded as proportions rather than probabilities.

After Shannon’s [1] entropy, various other measures of entropy have been proposed.

Entropy of order α was described by Renyi [3] in the way as:

HαP=11αlog(i=1npiαi=1npi,α1,α0E2

Entropy of order α and type β was described by Kapur in the way as:

Hα,βP=11αlogi=1npiα+β1i=1npiβ,α1,α0,β0,α+β10E3

Havrada and Charvat [4] gave the first nonadditive measure of entropy and it is used in the modified form as

HαP=11αi=1npiα1,α1,α0.E4

Behara and Chawla [5] defined the nonadditive τentropy as

HτP=1i=1npi1ττ12τ1,τ1,τ0.E5

Kapur [6] gave the following nonadditive measures of entropy:

HaP=i=1npilogpi+1ai=1n1+apilog1+apiapi,a0E6
HbP=i=1npilogpi+1bi=1n1+bpilog1+bpi1+blog1+bpi,b0E7
HcP=i=1npilogpi+1c2i=1n1+cpilog1+cpicpi,c0E8
HkP=i=1npilogpi+1k2i=1n1+kpilog1+kpi1+klog1+kpi,k0E9

## 2. Technical aspects of fuzzy measures

Zadeh [2] introduced fuzzy set theory which is associated with vagueness arising in human cognitive methods. The alteration for an element connecting membership and nonmembership in the universe of classical sets is abrupt whereas in the universe of fuzzy sets the transition is gradual. Thus, the membership function describes the vagueness and ambiguity of an element and takes values in the interval [0, 1].

Kapur [7] explained the concept of fuzzy entropy by considering the following vector μAx1μAx2μAxn.

If μAxi=0then the ith element does not belong to set A and if μAxi=1, then the ith element belongs to set A. If μAxi=0.5then highest ambiguity arises as to ith element belongs to set A or not. Thus, μAx1μAx2μAxnis termed as fuzzy vector and the set A is identified as the fuzzy set. Thus crisp set are those sets in which each element is 0 or 1 and hence uncertainty does not arise in these sets whereas those sets in which elements are 0 or 1 and others lie among 0 and 1 are entitled as fuzzy sets. A fuzzy set A is represented as A = xiμAxii=12nwhere μAxigives the degree of belongingness of the element xito A. We explain the concept of membership function μA:X01as follows:

μAxi=0,ifxAandthere isnoambiguity1,ifxAandthere isnoambiguity0.5,if there ismaximumambiguitywhetherxAxAE10

Further if μBxi= μAxieither 1 − μAxior then fuzzy sets A and B are characterised as fuzzy equivalent sets. Also, without being fuzzy equivalent, two sets can have same entropy but it is obvious to have identical entropy for fuzzy equivalent sets. Now if all the membership values of class of fuzzy equivalent sets are less than or equal to 0.5 then that set is defined as standard fuzzy set.

For any fuzzy set A* to be a sharpened version of set A the subsequent requirements has to be fulfilled:

μAxiμAxi,ifμAxi0.5;iE11

and

μAxiμAxi,ifμAxi0.5;iE12

Thus, when x1,x2,,xnare components of universe of discourse then, μAx1μAx2μAxnare positioned among 0 and 1 but since their sum is not unity therefore they are not considered as probabilities. However,

ϕAxi=μAxii=1nμAxi,i=1,2,,nE13

gives a probability distribution.

With the ith element, fuzzy uncertainty is defined as f (μAxi) with the following properties:

1. f(x) = 0 when x = 0 or 1.

2. f(x) increases as x goes from 0 to 0.5.

3. f(x) decreases as x goes from 0.5 to 1.

4. f(x) = f(1 − x).

The total fuzzy uncertainty defined as fuzzy entropy for n independent elements is given by,

HA=i=1nf(μAxi)E14

This is called fuzzy entropy.

When there is uncertainty due to fuzziness of information it is known as fuzzy entropy measures whereas when the uncertainty is due to information available in terms of probability distribution it is known as probabilistic entropy. Following similarities and dissimilarities are there between fuzzy entropy measures and probabilistic entropy measures:

1. 0 ≤ pi≤ 1 for each i. Also 0 ≤ (μAxi≤ 1 for each i.

2. i=1npi=1for all probability distributions, but i=1n(μAxi)need not be equal to unity and it need not even be the same for all fuzzy sets.

3. The probabilistic uncertainty measure measures how close the probability distribution (p1, p2, …, pn) is to the uniform distribution (1/n, 1/n, …, 1/n) and how far away it is from degenerate distributions. Fuzzy uncertainty measures how close the fuzzy distribution is from the most fuzzy vector distribution (1/2, 1/2, …, 1/2) and how far it is from the distribution of crisp sets.

4. (μAxi)gives the same degree of fuzziness as 1 − (μAxi)because both are equidistant from 1/2 and the crisp set values 0 and 1. However probabilities p and 1 − p make different contributions to probabilistic uncertainty. As such while most measures of fuzzy entropy are of the form i=1nf(μAxi+ i=1nf1μAxi, most measures of probabilities entropy are of the form i=1nfpi. However some measures of probabilistic entropy can also be of the form i=1nfpi+ i=1nfpi.

5. Similarly while many measures for fuzzy directed divergence are all of the form i=1nf(μAxi,μBxi+i=1nf1μAxi,1μBxi), most of the probabilistic measures are of the form i=1nfpiqi. For each measure of probabilistic entropy or directed divergence, we have a corresponding measure of fuzzy entropy and fuzzy directed divergence and vice-versa.

6. The common properties arise from the consideration that both types of measures are based on measures of distance from (1/n, 1/n, …, 1/n) in one case and from (1/2, 1/2, …, 1/2) in the other.

7. The dissimilarity arises because while i=1npi=1, i=1n(μAxiis not 1. The probabilities of n − 1 outcomes will determine the probability of the nth outcome. However fuzziness of n elements of the fuzzy set are quite independent and our knowledge of fuzziness of n − 1 elements gives us no information about the fuzziness of the nth element.

8. Conceptually the two types of uncertainty are poles apart. One deals with probabilities or relative frequencies and repeated experiments, while the other deals with estimation of fuzzy values. The probabilities can be determined objectively and experimentally and should naturally be the same for everyone. Fuzziness is one’s perception of membership of an element of a set and can be subjective. However, after finding fuzzy value for every member of the set, everything else is objective. In probability theory also after assigning probabilities, everything is also objective.

9. Fuzzy and probabilistic entropies are concave functions of μAx1μAx2μAxnand p1, p2, …, pn respectively. If we start with any value of μAx1μAx2μAxnand approach the vector 1/2, 1/2, …, 1/2, the fuzzy entropy will increase. Similarly, if we start with any probability vector p1, p2, …, pn and approach the vector 1/n, 1/n, …, 1/n, the probabilistic entropy will increase. Thus, Z=FμAx1μAx2μAxn, where F is a fuzzy entropy is a concave surface with maximum value at 1/2, 1/2, …, 1/2. Similarly Z = G(p1, p2, …, pn) where G is probabilistic entropy is a concave surface with maximum value at 1/n, 1/n, …, 1/n.

While processing information, making decision and in our language we can find fuzziness. Many authentic world objectives and human thinking consider uncertainty and fuzziness as their fundamental nature. Uncertainty and fuzziness are removed by the utilization of information. The degree of information is the quantity of uncertainty eliminated whereas the degree of vagueness and ambiguity of uncertainties is the quantity of fuzziness.

The theory of fuzziness is related to various areas of research such as Statistics, Information theory, Clustering and Decision analysis, Medical and Socio-economic prediction, Image processing, etc. The preparation and analysis of information development method are the applications of the mathematical designs related to system research.

In order to deal with fuzziness there is a small area from the extremely large fields of theories and applications which have been developed from the concept of fuzziness.

We define problems in the form of decision, management and prediction and by analysis, understanding and utilization of information, we can find their solutions. Thus, a significant quantity of information together with significant quantity of uncertainty is considered as the ground of many problems.

As we become aware of how much we know and how much we do not know, as information and uncertainty themselves become the focus of our concern, we begin to see our problems as centring on the issue of complexity.

Thus, ambiguity due to fuzziness of information is calculated by fuzzy entropy whereas vagueness due to information which is accessible in context of probability distribution is computed by probabilistic entropy.

Entropy theory was developed to measure uncertainty of a probability distribution and therefore it was natural for researchers in fuzzy set theory to make use of entropy concepts in measuring fuzziness.

Entropy of a fuzzy set A having n support points was characterised by Kauffman [8] in the way as

HkA=1logni=1nϕAxilogϕAxiE15

Deluca and Termini [9] suggested the measure

HDA=1nlog2i=1nμAxilogμAxi+1μAxilog1μAxiE16

Bhandari and Pal [10] suggested the following measure:

HeA=1ne1logμAxie1μAxi+1μAxieμAxi1E17

Some other measures of fuzzy entropy are:

1. Corresponding to Sharma and Taneja’s [11] measure of entropy of degree α, β

HαβP=1βαi=1npiαi=1npiβ,αβE18

we get the measure

HαβA=1βαi=1nμAαxi+1μAxiαμAβxi+1μAxiβE19

where either α ≥ 1, β ≤ 1 or α ≤ 1, β ≥ 1 and α = β only if both are unity.

2. Corresponding to Kapur’s measure of entropy of degree α, β

HαβP=1α+β2i=1npiα+i=1npiβ2E20

we get the measure

HαβA=1α+β2i=1nμAαxi+1μAxiαμAβxi+1μAxiβ2E21

3. Corresponding to Kapur’s [12] measure of entropy

HαP=i=1npilogpi+1ai=1n1+apilog1+api1a1+alog1+a,a0E22

we get the measure

HαA=i=1nμAxilogμAxi+1μAxilog1μAxi+1ai=1n1+aμAxilog1+aμAxi+1ai=1n[1+aaμAxilog1+aaμAxi1a1alog1aE23

4. Corresponding to Kapur’s [4] measure of entropy of degree α and type β

Hα,βP=1βαlogi=1npiαi=1npiβ,αβE24

we get the measure

Hα,βP=1βαlogi=1nμAαxi+1μAαxiαi=1nμAβxi+1μAxiβ,α1,β1orα1,β1.E25

Kosko [13] introduced fuzzy entropy and conditioning. Pal and Pal [14] gave object background segmentation using new definition of entropy. Parkash [15] proposed new measures of weighted fuzzy entropy and their applications for the study of maximum weighted fuzzy entropy principle. Parkash and Gandhi [16] suggested new generalised measures of fuzzy entropy and properties. Parkash and Singh [17] gave characterization of useful information theoretic measures. Taneja [18] introduced generalised information measures and their applications. Taneja and Tuteja [19] gave characterization of quantitative-qualitative measure of relative information. Tuteja [20] introduced characterization of nonadditive measures of relative information and accuracy. Tuteja and Hooda [21] proposed generalised useful information measure of type α and degree β. Tuteja and Jain [22, 23] gave characterization of relative useful information having utilities as monotone functions and an axiomatic characterization of relative useful information. Tahayori [24] presented a universal methodology for generating an interval type 2 fuzzy set membership function from a collection of type 1 fuzzy sets. Kumar and Bajaj [25] introduced NTV metric based entropies of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets and their applications in decision making.

Mishra [26] introduced two exponential fuzzy information measures and characterised axiomatically. To show the effectiveness of the proposed measure, it is compared with the existing measures. Further, two fuzzy discrimination and symmetric discrimination measures are defined and their validity are checked. Important properties of new measures are studied and their applications in pattern recognition and diagnosis problem of crop disease are discussed. Hooda and Mishra [27] gave two sine and cosine trigonometric measures of fuzzy information and obtained new measures of trigonometric fuzzy information.

## 3. A new parametric measure of fuzzy information measure involving two parameters αand β

A new generalised fuzzy information measure of order α and type β has been suggested and their necessary and required properties are examined. Thereafter, its validity is also verified. Also, the monotonic behaviour of fuzzy information measure of order α and type β has been conferred.

The generalised measure of fuzzy information of order αand type βis given by,

HαβA=11αβi=1nμAαμAxi+1μAxiα1μAxiβ2β,α0,α1,β0.E26

### 3.1. Properties of HαβA

We have supposed that, 00.α=1, we study the following properties:

Property 1: HαβA0i.e. HαβAis nonnegative.

Property 2: HαβAis minimum if A is a non-fuzzy set.

For μAxi=0, it implies HαβA= 0 and μAxi=0we have HαβA= 0.

Property 3: HαβAis maximum if A is most fuzzy set.

We have, HαβAμAxi=α1αμAxiαμAxi+1μAxiα1μAxiβ1μAxiαμAxi1+logμAxi1μAxiα1μAxi(1+log1μAxi.

Taking, HαβAμAxi=0 which is possible μAxi=1μAxithat is if μAxi=12.

Now, we have, 2HαβA2μAxi, Thus, at μAxi=12.

2HαβA2μAxi=111α21α2β122α2+α.21α21log220

Hence, the maximum value exists at μAxi=12.

Property 4: HαβAHαβA, where Abe sharpened version of A.

When μAxi=12,

HαβA=n.2β1αβ12αβ22αβ2

When μAxilies between 0 and 1/2 then HαβAis an increasing function whereas when μAxilies between 1/2 and 1 then HαβAis a decreasing function of μAxi

Let Abe sharpened version of A which means that

1. If μAxi<0.5then μAxiμAxifor all i = 1, 2, …, n

2. If μAxi>0.5then μAxiμAxifor all i = 1, 2, …, n

Since HαβAis an increasing function of μAxifor 0μAxi12and decreasing function of μAxifor 12μAxi1, therefore

1. μAxiμAxithis implies HαβAHαβAin [0, 0.5]

2. μAxiμAxithis implies HαβAHαβAin [0.5, 1]

Hence, HαβAHαβA.

Property 5: HαβA=HαβA¯, where A¯is the compliment of A i.e. μAxi= 1 - μAxi.

Thus when μAxiis varied to (1 − μAxi) then HαβAdoes not change.

Under the above conditions, the generalised measure proposed in (26) is a valid measure of fuzzy information measure.

### 3.2. Monotonic behaviour of fuzzy information measure

In this section we study the monotonic behaviour of the fuzzy information measure. For this, diverse values of HαβAby assigning various values to αand βhas been calculated and further the generalised measure has been presented graphically.

Case I: For α> 1, β=1, we have compiled the values of HαβAin Table 1, (a) and presented the fuzzy entropy in Figure 1(a) which unambiguously illustrates that the fuzzy information measure is a concave function.

μAxiHαβAμAxiHαβAμAxiHαβA
0.00.00.00.00.00.0
0.10.54190.10.50740.12.0337
0.20.77490.20.77630.22.7289
0.30.90750.30.95340.33.0732
0.40.97780.41.05170.43.2411
0.51.00.51.08440.53.2916
0.60.97780.61.05170.63.2411
0.70.90750.70.95340.73.0732
0.80.77490.80.77630.82.7289
0.90.54190.90.50740.92.0337
1.00.01.00.01.00.0
(a)(b)(c)

### Table 1.

The values of fuzzy information measure for α = 2 and β = 1; α = 1.5 and β = 0.1; and α = 1.5 and β = 2.5.

For α= 2, β= 1, values of HαβAhave been represented with the help of graph for α = 2 and β = 1 which implies that the proposed measure is a concave function. Similarly, for other values of α and β, we get different concave curves.

Case II: For α> 1, 0 < β< 1 we have compiled the values of HαβAin Table 1, (b) and presented the fuzzy entropy in the Figure 1(b) which unambiguously illustrates that the fuzzy entropy is a concave function.

For α = 1.5 and β=0.1, values of HαβAhave been represented with the help of graph for α = 1.5 and β = 0.1 which implies that the proposed measure is a concave function. Similarly, for other values of α and β, we get different concave curves.

Case III: For α> 1, β> 1 we have compiled the values of HαβAin Table 1, (c) and presented the fuzzy entropy in Figure 1(c) which unambiguously illustrates that the fuzzy entropy is a concave function.

For α= 1.5 and β=2.5, values of HαβAhave been represented with the help of graph for α = 1.5 and β = 2.5 which implies that the proposed measure is a concave function. Similarly, for other values of α and β, we get different concave curves.

## 4. A new parametric measure of fuzzy information measure involving three parameters α, βand γ

Further, a new generalised fuzzy information measure involving three parameters α, β and γ has been suggested and their necessary and required properties are examined. Thereafter, its validity is also verified. Also, the monotonic behaviour of fuzzy information measure of order α, β and γ has been introduced.

The generalised measure of fuzzy information involving three parameters α, β and γ is given by,

Hα,β,γA=11αi=1nμAα+βμAxi+1μAxiα+β1μAxiγ2γ,α0,α1,β0,γ0E27

### 4.1. Properties of Hα,β,γA

We have supposed that, 00.α=1, we study the following properties:

Property 1: Hα,β,γA0i.e. Hα,β,γAis nonnegative.

Property 2: Hα,β,γAis minimum if A is a non-fuzzy set.

for μAxi=0, it implies Hα,β,γA=0and μAxi=1we have Hα,β,γA=0.

Property 3: Hα,β,γAHα,β,γA, where Abe sharpened version of A.

When μAxilies between 0 and 1/2 then Hα,β,γAis an increasing function whereas when μAxilies between 1/2 and 1 then Hα,β,γAis a decreasing function of μAxi

Let Abe sharpened version of A which means that

1. If μAxi<0.5then μAxiμAxifor all i = 1, 2, …, n

2. If μAxi>0.5then μAxiμAxifor all i = 1, 2, …, n

Since Hα,β,γAis an increasing function of μAxifor 0μAxi12and decreasing function of μAxifor 12μAxi1, therefore

1. μAxiμAxithis implies Hα,β,γAHα,β,γAin [0, 0.5]

2. μAxiμAxithis implies Hα,β,γAHα,β,γAin [0.5, 1]

Hence,Hα,β,γAHα,β,γA

Property 4: Hα,β,γA=Hα,β,γA¯, where A¯is the compliment of A i.e. μAxi=1μAxi

Thus, when μAxiis varied to 1 − μAxithen Hα,β,γAdoes not change.

Under the above conditions, the generalised measure proposed in (27) is a valid measure of fuzzy information measure.

### 4.2. Monotonic behaviour of fuzzy information measure

In this section we study the monotonic behaviour of the fuzzy information measure. For this, diverse values of Hα,β,γAby assigning various values to α, β and γ have been calculated and further the generalised measure has been presented graphically.

Case I: For α > 1, β = 2, γ = 3, we have compiled the values of Hα,β,γAin Table 2, (a)–(e) and presented the fuzzy entropy in Figure 2(a)(e) which unambiguously illustrates that the fuzzy information measure is a concave function. For α = 1.5, β = 2, γ = 3, values of Hα,β,γAhave been represented with the help of graph γ=3which implies that the proposed measure is a concave function. Similarly, for other values of α, β and γ we get different concave curves. Further it has been shown that Hα,β,γAis a concave function obtaining its maximum value at μAxi=12. Hence Hα,β,γAis increasing function of μAxiin interval [0, 0.5) and decreasing function of μAxiin interval (0.5, 1]. Similarly, for α = 2, β = 2 and γ = 3, α = 2.5, β = 2 and γ = 3, α = 3, β = 2 and γ = 3, α = 3.5, β = 2 and γ = 3, γ=3values of Hα,β,γAhave been represented with the help of graph which implies that the proposed measure is a concave function.

μAxiHα,β,γAμAxiHα,β,γAμAxiHα,β,γAμAxiHα,β,γAμAxiHα,β,γA
0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
0.112.84440.16.73180.14.65170.13.58650.12.9316
0.214.73020.27.55140.25.12120.23.88670.23.1353
0.315.31470.37.77940.35.23850.33.95400.33.1762
0.415.52500.47.85590.45.27500.43.97340.43.1870
0.515.57950.57.8750.55.28370.53.97790.53.1894
0.615.52500.67.85590.65.27500.63.97340.63.1870
0.715.31470.77.77940.75.23850.73.95400.73.1762
0.814.73020.87.55140.85.12120.83.88670.83.1353
0.912.84440.96.73180.94.65170.93.58650.92.9316
1.00.01.00.01.00.01.00.01.00.0
(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)

### Table 2.

The values of fuzzy information measure for α = 1.5, β = 2 and γ = 3; α = 2, β = 2 and γ = 3; α = 2.5, β = 2 and γ = 3; α = 3, β = 2 and γ = 3; and α = 3.5, β = 2 and γ = 3.

Further it has been shown that Hα,β,γAis a concave function obtaining its maximum value at μAxi=12. Hence Hα,β,γAis increasing function of μAxiin interval [0, 0.5) and decreasing function of μAxiin interval (0.5, 1].

## 5. Conclusions

In this chapter, after reviewing some literatures on measures of information for fuzzy sets, a new generalised fuzzy information measure involving two parameters α and β has been introduced.

The necessary properties of the proposed measure have been verified and further it has been studied that the proposed measure is a concave function as it has shown monotonicity.

Further, a new generalised fuzzy information measure involving three parameters α, β and γ has been suggested and their necessary and required properties are examined. Thereafter, its validity is also verified. Also, the monotonic behaviour of fuzzy information measure of order α, β and γ has been conferred.

Fuzzy sets are indispensable in fuzzy system model and fuzzy system design, while the measurement of fuzziness in fuzzy sets is the fuzzy entropy or fuzzy information measure. Therefore, fuzzy information measures occupy important place in the processing of system design. Thus there are enormous applications of fuzzy information in the design of neural network classifiers.

## Conflict of interest

I declare that I have no conflict of interest.

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Anjali Munde (October 31st 2018). Fuzzy Information Measures with Multiple Parameters, Fuzzy Logic Based in Optimization Methods and Control Systems and Its Applications, Ali Sadollah, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78803. Available from:

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Edited by Ali Sadollah

First chapter

#### Boundary Element Modeling and Optimization of Three Temperature Nonlinear Fractional Generalized Photo-Thermoelastic Interaction in Anisotropic Semiconductor Structures

By Mohamed Abdelsabour Fahmy

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