Open access peer-reviewed Edited volume

Distributed Generation

In the recent years the electrical power utilities have undergone rapid restructuring process worldwide. Indeed, with deregulation, advancement in technologies and concern about the environmental impacts, competition is particularly fostered in the generation side, thus allowing increased interconnection of generating units to the utility networks. These generating sources are called distributed generators (DG) and defined as the plant which is directly connected to distribution network and is not centrally planned and dispatched. These are also called embedded or dispersed generation units. The rating of the DG systems can vary between few kW to as high as 100 MW. Various new types of distributed generator systems, such as microturbines and fuel cells in addition to the more traditional solar and wind power are creating significant new opportunities for the integration of diverse DG systems to the utility. Interconnection of these generators will offer a number of benefits such as improved reliability, power quality, efficiency, alleviation of system constraints along with the environmental benefits. Unlike centralized power plants, the DG units are directly connected to the distribution system; most often at the customer end. The existing distribution networks are designed and operated in radial configuration with unidirectional power flow from centralized generating station to customers. The increase in interconnection of DG to utility networks can lead to reverse power flow violating fundamental assumption in their design. This creates complexity in operation and control of existing distribution networks and offers many technical challenges for successful introduction of DG systems. Some of the technical issues are islanding of DG, voltage regulation, protection and stability of the network. Some of the solutions to these problems include designing standard interface control for individual DG systems by taking care of their diverse characteristics, finding new ways to/or install and control these DG systems and finding new design for distribution system. DG has much potential to improve distribution system performance. The use of DG strongly contributes to a clean, reliable and cost effective energy for future. This book deals with several aspects of the DG systems such as benefits, issues, technology interconnected operation, performance studies, planning and design. Several authors have contributed to this book aiming to benefit students, researchers, academics, policy makers and professionals. We are indebted to all the people who either directly or indirectly contributed towards the publication of this book.

Read more >Order hardcopy
IntechOpen
Distributed GenerationEdited by Dattatraya Gaonkar

Published: February 1st 2010

DOI: 10.5772/55693

ISBN: 978-953-307-046-9

Copyright year: 2010

Books open for chapter submissions

64867 Total Chapter Downloads

17 Crossref Citations

18 Web of Science Citations

49 Dimensions Citations

chaptersDownloads

Open access peer-reviewed

1. Distributed Cogeneration: Modelling of Environmental Benefits and Impact

By Pierluigi Mancarella and Gianfranco Chicco

2110

Open access peer-reviewed

2. Distributed Generation and the Regulation of Distribution Networks

By Jeroen de Joode, Adriaan van der Welle and Jaap Jansen

2661

Open access peer-reviewed

3. Steady-State Assessment of the DG Impact on Voltage Control and Loss Allocation

By Enrico Carpaneto and Gianfranco Chicco

2072

Open access peer-reviewed

4. Voltage Variation Analysis of Normally Closed- Loop Distribution Feeders Interconnected with Distributed Generation

By Tsai-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chih Yang, Yi-Da Cai and Nien-Che Yang

2855

Open access peer-reviewed

5. Effect of DG on Distribution Grid Protection

By Edward Coster, Johanna Myrzik and Wil Kling

3710

Open access peer-reviewed

6. Local and Remote Techniques for Islanding Detection in Distributed Generators

By Cesar Trujillo, David Velasco, Emilio Figueres and Gabriel Garcera

3944

Open access peer-reviewed

7. Single-Phase Photovoltaic-Inverter Operation Characteristic in Distributed Generation System

By Muh. Imran Hamid and Makbul Anwari

10872

Open access peer-reviewed

8. Single-Phase Distributed Generation System Based on Asymmetrical Cascaded Multilevel Inverter

By Sergio P. Pimentel, Rodolfo M. M. Martinez and Jose A. Pomilio

2028

Open access peer-reviewed

9. Performance Of Microturbine Generation System in Grid Connected and Islanding Modes of Operation

By Dattatraya N. Gaonkar

3991

Open access peer-reviewed

10. Distributed Generation and Islanding – Study on Converter Modeling of PV Grid-Connected Systems under Islanding Phenomena

By N. Chayawatto, N.Patcharaprakiti, V. Monyakul, K.Kirtikara and K. Tunlasakun

2662

Open access peer-reviewed

11. Application of a Suitable Control Strategy for Grid-Connected Inverters to the Power Management of a Microgrid

By Daniele Menniti, Ciro Picardi, Anna Pinnarelli and Domenico Sgro

2827

Open access peer-reviewed

12. Wind Farm Protection Systems: State of the Art and Challenges

By Tamer A. Kawady, Naema M. Mansour and Abdel-Maksoud I. Taalab

6518

Open access peer-reviewed

13. Protection in Distributed Generation

By M.Paz Comech, Miguel Garcia-Gracia, Samuel Borroy and M.Teresa Villen

8170

Open access peer-reviewed

14. Capacity Estimation Methods Applied to Mini Hydro Plants

By Rafael Pena and Aurelio Medina

4576

Open access peer-reviewed

15. Optimal Coordination and Penetration of Distributed Generation with Multi Shunt FACTS Compensators Using GA/Fuzzy Rules

By Belkacem Mahdad, Tarek Bouktir and Kamel Srairi

2324

Open access peer-reviewed

16. Flexibility Value of Distributed Generation in Transmission Expansion Planning

By Paul Vasquez and Fernando Olsina

1918

Open access peer-reviewed

17. State Identification of Underdetermined Grids

By Martin Wolter

1629

Edited volume and chapters are indexed in

  • Worldcat
  • OpenAIRE
  • Google Scholar
  • AZ ebsco
  • Base
  • CNKI
  • IET Inspec

Order a hardcopy of the Edited volume

Free shipping with DHL Express

Hardcover (ex. VAT)£170

Order now

Residents of European Union countries need to add a Book Value-Added Tax of 5%. Institutions and companies, registered as VAT taxable entities in their own EU member state, will not pay VAT by providing IntechOpen with their VAT registration number. This is made possible by the EU reverse charge method.

Special discount for IntechOpen contributors

All IntechOpen contributors are offered special discounts starting at 40% OFF available through your personal dashboard

Login and purchase