Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume


The conifer tree can lead to a wide variety of products and services. Overall, the evaluation, management and planning of the multiplicity of these forest systems requires effective and specific methods and tools in a sustainable frame of the systems and of their products and services. This book reflects the current research on conifer stands and forests. The authors, specialists in different areas, addressed several issues in forest science, focusing on the species' characteristics, silviculture and climate change; growth analysis; reconstruction of stand dynamics of mixed stands; establishment, regeneration and succession; litter-fall, nutrient cycle and silviculture; distribution and zonation; and ecosystem services provided by monocultures and mixed stands.

Read more >Order hardcopy
ConifersEdited by Ana Cristina Gonçalves

Published: December 5th 2018

DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73422

ISBN: 978-1-78984-801-4

Print ISBN: 978-1-78984-800-7

eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-1-83881-741-1

Copyright year: 2018

Books open for chapter submissions

4780 Total Chapter Downloads

4 Crossref Citations

5 Web of Science Citations

12 Dimensions Citations


Open access peer-reviewed

1. Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon) from the Perspective of Its Possible Utilization in Conditions of Changing Central European Climate

By Petr Novotný, Martin Fulín, Jiří Čáp and Jaroslav Dostál


Open access peer-reviewed

2. A New Method to Reconstruct Recent Tree and Stand Attributes of Temporary Research Plots: New Opportunity to Analyse Mixed Forest Stands

By Michael Heym, Kamil Bielak, Klaas Wellhausen, Enno Uhl, Peter Biber, Diana Perkins, Mathias Steckel, Eric Andreas Thurm, Andreas Rais and Hans Pretzsch


Open access peer-reviewed

3. Establishment, Regeneration, and Succession of Korean Red Pine (Pinus densiflora S. et Z.) Forest in Korea

By Chang Seok Lee, Young Mun Chun, Hansol Lee, Jung Hoon Pi and Chi Hong Lim


Open access peer-reviewed

4. Litter Fall and Forest Floor under Conifer Stands: Silviculture Consequences - A Review

By Dušan Kacálek, Jiří Novák, David Dušek and Marian Slodičák


Open access peer-reviewed

5. Conifers in Mountains of China

By Baiping Zhang, Yonghui Yao, Chao Zhao, Jing Wang and Fuqin Yu


Open access peer-reviewed

6. Why Forest Plantations Are Disputed? An Assessment of Locally Important Ecosystem Services from the Cryptomeria japonica Plantations in the Darjeeling Hills, India

By Rajesh Kumar Rai and Joachim Schmerbeck


Edited Volume and chapters are indexed in

  • Worldcat
  • OpenAIRE
  • Google Scholar
  • AZ ebsco
  • Base
  • CNKI

Order a hardcopy of the Edited Volume

Free shipping with DHL Express

Hardcover (ex. VAT)£119

Order now

Residents of European Union countries need to add a Book Value-Added Tax Rate based on their country of residence. Institutions and companies, registered as VAT taxable entities in their own EU member state, will not pay VAT by providing IntechOpen with their VAT registration number. This is made possible by the EU reverse charge method.

Special discount for IntechOpen contributors

All IntechOpen contributors are offered special discounts starting at 40% OFF available through your personal dashboard

Login and purchase