Physics » Optics and Lasers

X-ray Scattering

Edited by Alicia Esther Ares, ISBN 978-953-51-2888-5, Print ISBN 978-953-51-2887-8, 226 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published January 25, 2017 under CC BY 3.0 license
DOI: 10.5772/62609
Edited Volume

X-ray scattering techniques are a family of nondestructive analytical techniques. Using these techniques, scientists obtain information about the crystal structure and chemical and physical properties of materials. Nowadays, different techniques are based on observing the scattered intensity of an X-ray beam hitting a sample as a function of incident and scattered angle, polarization, and wavelength. This book is intended to give overviews of the relevant X-ray scattering techniques, particularly about inelastic X-ray scattering, elastic scattering, grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering, small-angle X-ray scattering, and high-resolution X-ray diffraction, and, finally, applications of X-ray spectroscopy to study different biological systems.

Dr. Alicia Ares

CONICET/Universidad Nacional de Misiones

Alicia Esther Ares is a professor of Materials Science at the Chemical Engineering Department, School of Sciences (FCEQyN), National University of Misiones (UNaM), Posadas, Misiones, Argentina, since December 2013. Also, she is an independent researcher at the National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina, since January 2015. Previously, she has been a research associate at CONICET (2008–2014) and an associate professor at UNaM (2007–2013). She has also been an assistant professor at UNaM (1989–2007). She graduated at the University of Misiones in 1992 and completed a PhD degree in Materials Science at the Institute of Technology “Jorge Sabato,” UNSAM–CNEA, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Later, she made a postdoctoral stays at the following institutions: Faculdade de Engenharía Mecânica, Departamento de Engenharía de Materiais, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil (2001 and 2005–2006); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States (2002–20003); and Faculty of Sciences, National University of Misiones, Posadas, Misiones, Argentina (2003–2004). She has a 27-year teaching experience both at the undergraduate and at the graduate level. Her research interests lie in the following areas: Solidification thermal parameters, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of different alloys and composite materials Solidification structures and properties of alloys for hard tissue replacement Metallic materials selection for the management of biofuels Synthesis and characterization of nanostructured coatings, membranes, and templates of aluminum and zinc oxides Fabrication and characterization of nanostructured titanium and iron oxide coatings for water treatment systems based on advanced oxidative and reductive processes Natural products as corrosion inhibitors of metallic materials Her articles are published in well-established international and Argentinean journals.

Experience

  • 1989 - current

    CONICET/Universidad Nacional de Misiones

    Chemical Engineer, National University of Misiones (1992). Master in Science and Technology of Materials, awarded by the Institute of Technology (IT) \"Professor Jorge A. Sabato\", National Atomic Energy Commission and National University of General San Martin. Buenos Aires. (1997). Doctor (Ph.D.) in Science and Technology, Materials Mention, awarded by the Institute of Technology (IT) \"Professor Jorge A. Sabato\", National Atomic Energy Commission and National University of General San Martin, Buenos Aires, Argentina. (2000). Postdoctorate in the Area of Science and Technology of Materials, Topic: “Obtaining, Casting and Characterization of Titanium Alloys Applied in Implants”. Faculdade de Engenharía Mecânica, Departamento de Engenharía de Materiais. Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Campinas. São Paulo. Brasil. From 12/2005 to 03/2006. Postdoctorate of Reintegration to an Argentinan Institution in the Area of Science and Technology of Materials (Repatriated Cientific by R@ICES Program, 02/2003). Topic: “Solidification, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion of Zinc-Aluminum Alloys (ZA) and Composites”. Faculty of Exact, Chemical and Natural Sciences. National University of Misiones. 1552 Félix de Azara Street. (3300) Posadas-Misiones, Argentina. From 04/2003 to 07/2004. Postdoctorate in the Area of Science and Technology of Materials, Topic: “Effects of Solidification Conditions on the Microstructure and Properties of Single Crystal Nickel Base Superalloys”. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville. Florida. United States. From 01/2002 to 12/2002. Postdoctorate in the Area of Science and Technology of Materials, Topic: “Prediction of the Dendritic Structure During Solidification of Alloys”. Faculdade de Engenharía Mecânica, Departamento de Engenharía de Materiais. Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Campinas. São Paulo. Brasil. From 01/2001 to 12/2001. Researcher of the National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) since 2004. Headline Professor (Materials Science in Chemical Engineering) since 2013. Principal of Materials Laboratory (ML), of the Faculty of Sciences (FCEQyN), National University of Misiones (UNaM) since 2010. Principal Editor of the Science and Technology Journal, Faculty of Sciences. UNaM. From 11/2010 and continues. Principal of the Doctorate in Applied Sciences. From 04/2011 and continues. Co-Director of the Materials, Modeling and Metrology Program (PMMM), Faculty of Sciences (FCEQyN). From 05/2012. Director of the Project: \"Solidification, Thermal Parameters, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Resistance of Binary Alloys\". Code: 16/Q459. From 01/2011 to 12/2013. Co-Director of the Project: “Manufacture and tribological properties of Titanium Oxide Coatings”. Code: 16/Q445. From 01/2010 to 12/2012. Co-Director of the CONICET Proyect: “Solidification Structures and Properties of Corrosion and Wear of Al-Si and Al-Cu eutectic alloys”. PIP 2010-2012. CODE: PIP Nº 11220090100769. From 01/2010 to 12/2012. Alternate member of the Board of Graduate Studies (CEP) of the Faculty of Sciences. From 10/2010 and continues. Representative of the University to integrate the Bank of evaluators of extension programs of the National University Extension (REXUNI). From 10/2010 and continues. Pro-Secretary of the Argentinean Association of Materials (SAM). From 10/ 2011 and continues. Regional Delegate of the Argentinean Association of Physical Chemistry Research (AAIFQ) at the National University of Misiones. From 08/2005 and continues. Regional Delegate of the Argentinean Association of Crystallography in Misiones, Argentina. From 10/ 2012 and continues.

Edited Books

  • X-ray Scattering

    X-ray scattering techniques are a family of nondestructive analytical techniques. Using these techniques, scientists obtain information about the crystal structure and chemical and physical properties of materials. Nowadays, different techniques are based on observing the scattered intensity of an X-ray beam hitting a sample as a function of incident and scattered angle, polarization, and wavelength. This book is intended to give overviews of the relevant X-ray scattering techniques, particularly about inelastic X-ray scattering, elastic scattering, grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering, small-angle X-ray scattering, and high-resolution X-ray diffraction, and, finally, applications of X-ray spectroscopy to study different biological systems.

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