Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science » Drug Discovery

Clinical Use of Local Anesthetics

Edited by Asadolah Saadatniaki, ISBN 978-953-51-0430-8, 110 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published March 23, 2012 under CC BY 3.0 license
DOI: 10.5772/1225

Local anesthetics are being increasingly applied in different surgeries. Lower side effects of neuroaxial anesthesia, regional anesthesia, and field block, in comparison to general anesthesia (volatile and intravenous agents), are the main reasons why physicians prefer to conduct surgeries under local anesthesia, especially in outpatient and day care surgeries. It is important to emphasize the presence of an anesthesiologist, and vigilant monitoring of the homodynamic parameters, in decreasing a patient's anxiety, exerting other modalities for analgesia and increasing the safety margin in many procedures.